[12.01.19 - 10.03.19]

Edouard Malingue Gallery (Shanghai) is pleased to present “LLIMIIINALL”, the first solo exhibition in Mainland China by the Indonesian collective, Tromarama. Stemming from the word “liminal”, which refers to the crossing of a threshold, the exhibition highlights our subconscious blur that straddles reality and the virtual realm – one that flaunts its unconditional reliance on social media. On display are works that combine art and digital technologies to materialise deposits of algorithms, creating a liminal space that simultaneously surrounds – and is surrounded by – the continuum between data and our consciousness of the world.

Initiating as a collective in 2006 in Bandung, Indonesia, Febie Babyrose, Ruddy Hatumena and Herbert Hans have been developing interactive reflections on the contemporary fluxes of urban culture. The trio met while studying at the Institute Technology of Bandung. Students in respectively graphic design, advertising and printmaking, they came together for the “traumatic” creation of ‘Serigala Militia’ (2006) – a stop motion animation film made of hundreds of woodcut plywood boards – hence the moniker of the visual art collective, which combines the anecdote with the Greek word (h)órāma for “view”.

This initial foray prompted years of creating playful, enigmatic stop motion animations but Tromarama’s body of work has equally extended to video, installation, computer programming and public participation. At the heart of their varied practice is the notion of hyperreality in the digital age: how our perceptive engagement with the world is continuously shaped by the interrelationship between the virtual and the physical.

Indonesia ranks as one of the most populous countries in the world uniting various ethnicities, languages, religions and cultural influences spanning its 17,000 islands. The cultural fabric of the country informs the work of Tromarama, who are part of a first generation of artists to be confronted with the impact of the digital revolution in Indonesia during the early 2000’s. As such, their practice literally animates the ordinary and weaves its existence into a tale of tribulations fuelled by consequence.

This exhibition spells out, over a series of installations, videos and two-dimensional works, Tromarama’s inventive response to the Internet and social media. ‘Soliloquy’ (2018), for instance, collates user activity on Twitter to reconfigure 96 lamps sourced from a flea market: each time the hashtag “#kinship” is used the tweet is converted into a binary code, prompting the lamps to flicker.

Similarly involving public participation through social media, Living Apparatus (2019) replaces actual lamps with an LCD screen and uses the hashtags (“#lit” and “#lumen”) to animate the phantasm on display. As a proxy for the consequence of living between two realms, the nature of light is redefined by our arbitrary, digital engagement with the word. Such consequence, from Tromarama’s point of view, is more of a mental experience than a physical one, in the sense that it bends the scenes from our daily lives in relation to how it creates and “animates” artificial desires.

‘Selfghosted’ (2019) is a series of lenticular prints conceived from collated data following the hashtag “#selfportrait”. Each character in the tweet is converted into a binary code, which is then translated into an RGB colour code. A reference to the Internet’s anonymity, ‘Selfghosted’ hints at the way we “translate” reality into various versions of our self-identity and feeds them into an endless chain of reactions.

At the heart of social media is the creation of an inclusive narrative through the use of hashtags, each keyword weaving its iteration into the larger fabric of our collective conscious. Channeling man’s ambivalence towards technology, “LLIMIIINALL” puts into context the incorporation of technology into our bodies and minds, and explores how this interaction – increasingly tending towards one side – restructures our existential experience vis-à-vis shifting interpersonal relationships, one that is loaded with associations and representations that are, if anything, liminal.


Tromarama is Bandung based artist collective founded in 2006 by Febie Babyrose, Herbert Hans and Ruddy Hatumena. Engaging with the notion of hyperreality in the digital age, their projects explore the interrelationship between the virtual and the physical world. Their works combine video, installations, computer programming and public participation depicting the influence of digital media on the society’s perception towards their surroundings. They have held solo exhibitions at the Liverpool Biennial Fringe; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne; and Mori Art Museum, Japan among other locations. Their group exhibitions include the Museum of Contemporary Art and Design (MCAD) Manila, Gwangju Biennale, Frankfurter Kunstverein; Samstag Museum of Art, Adelaide; APT 7 QAGOMA, Brisbane; and the Singapore Art Museum.


Venue: Edouard Malingue Gallery, Shanghai

Related files:
Download Press Release

(Related Artist News)

(045)  Tromarama


Jogja National Museum, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, [25.07.19 - 25.08.19]

Read the full entry

(044)  Condo New York 2019

'Condo New York 2019', Group Exhibition

Petzel Gallery, 35 E 67th Street New York, New York 10065, USA, [27.06.19 - 26.07.19]

Read the full entry

(043)  Tromarama

'Contemporary Worlds: Indonesia', Group Exhibition

National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia, [21.06.19 - 27.10.19]

Read the full entry

(042)  Tromarama, Samson Young

'52 ARTISTS 52 ACTIONS', Group Exhibition

Artspace, Sydney, Australia, [17.05.19 - 04.08.19]

Read the full entry

(041)  Tromarama

'Lost and found: imagining new worlds', Group Exhibition

Gallery 1, Institute of Contemporary Arts Singapore, LASALLE, 1 McNally Street, Singapore, [02.02.19 - 10.04.19]

Read the full entry

(040)  Taipei Dangdai 2019

'Taipei Dangdai', Art Fair

Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center, Taipei, Taiwan, [18.01.19 - 20.01.19]

Read the full entry

(039)  Tromarama, Wong Ping, Samson Young

'ASIA NOW 2018 ', Group Exhibition

Parisian Mansion, 9 Avenue, Hoche, Paris, France, [17.10.18 - 21.10.18]

Read the full entry

(038)  Tromarama

'Rebel Souls', Group Exhibition

Marina da Gloria, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, [27.09.18 - 30.09.18]

Read the full entry

(037)  Chou Yu-Cheng, Tromarama

'The Extra Extra Ordinary', Group Exhibition

MCAD, Manila, Philippines, [20.09.18 - 18.11.18]

Read the full entry

(036)  Tromarama, Ho Tzu Nyen

'Tangled Unity: New Histories in Film and Video from Southeast Asia', Group Exhibition

Art Cologne, Cologne, Germany, [19.04.18 - 22.04.18]

Read the full entry

(035)  Tromarama

'Perceiving the Omnipresent Sound', Group Exhibition

Spasial, Bandung, Indonesia, [09.03.18 - 15.03.18]

Read the full entry

(034)  Art Fair Philippines 2018

'Art Fair Philippines 2018 ', Art Fair

The Link, Ayala Centre, Makati, Philippines, [01.03.18 - 04.03.18]

Read the full entry

(033)  Tromarama

'52 ARTISTS 52 ACTIONS [January 2018-2019]', Public Programme

Various locations, Australia

Read the full entry

(032)  Tromarama

'The Sun teaches us that history is not everything', Group Exhibition

Osage, Kwung Tung, Hong Kong , [24.03.18 - 06.05.18]

Read the full entry

(031)  Shared Coordinates 2018

'Shared Coordinates', Group Exhibition

The Art House at The Old Parliament, Singapore, [20.01.18 - 26.01.18]

Read the full entry

(030)  Tromarama

'Cinemara: Art and the Moving Image in Southeast Asia', Group Exhibition

Singapore Art Museum (SAM), Singapore., [17.11.17 - 18.03.18]

Read the full entry

(029)  misty clouds scattered colours II

'misty clouds scattered colours II', Screening

Spazio Ridotto, Calle del Ridotto 1388, San Marco, Venice, 30124, [10.11.17 - 08.12.17]

Read the full entry

(028)  Tromarama

're: emergence', Group Exhibition

Selasar Sunaryo Art Space, Bandung, Indonesia, [16.09.17 - 22.10.17]

Read the full entry

(027)  Tromarama

'Multiple Spectacle: Art from Asia', Group Exhibition

Ningbo Museum of Art, Ningbo, China, [21.09.17 - 10.10.17]

Read the full entry

(026)  Tromarama

'Floor 9 Salon Series', Artist Talk

Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, 900-675 West Hastings St., Vancouver, BC Canada, [06.09.17]

Read the full entry

(025)  Tromarama, Wong Ping, Samson Young

'Art in the Bar', Screening

Various venues, [14.09.17]

Read the full entry

(024)  Tromarama

'Amphibia', Solo Exhibition

Centre A, Vancouver, BC, Canada, [08.09.17 - 14.10.17]

Read the full entry

(023)  ART STAGE Jakarta 2017

'ART STAGE Jakarta', Art Fair

Sheraton Grand Jakarta Gandaria City Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia, [11.08.17 - 13.08.17]

Read the full entry

(022)  Tromarama

'4th Ural Industrial Biennial of Contemporary Art', Biennial

Ekaterinburg and cities of the Ural region, Russia, [14.09.17 - 12.11.17]

Read the full entry

(021)  Tromarama

'Beyond Boundaries: Globalisation and Identity', Group Exhibition

Liechtenstein National Museum, Vaduz, Liechtenstein, [08.02.17 - 11.06.17]

Read the full entry

(020)  Tromarama

'Indo Pop: Indonesian Art from APT7', Group Exhibition

Queensland Art Gallery, Gallery of Modern Art (QAGOMA), [11.06.15 - 24.09.17]

Read the full entry

(019)  Art Fair Philippines 2017

'Art Fair Philippines 2017', Art Fair

5F / 6F / 7F, Roofdeck The Link Carpark, Ayala Center, Makati City, [16.02.17 - 19.02.17]

Read the full entry

(018)  Tromarama

'Shared Coordinates', Group Exhibition

The Arts House, Gallery 2, 1 Old Parliament Lane, Singapore, [10.01.17 - 14.01.17]

Read the full entry

(017)  Edouard Malingue Gallery at Art Basel Miami Beach

'Art Basel Miami Beach', Art Fair

Miami Beach Convention Center, 1901 Convention Center Drive, Miami Beach, FL 33139, USA, [01.12.16 - 04.12.16]

Read the full entry

(016)  Tromarama


Kuandu Museum of Fine Arts, Taipei National University of the Arts, [30.09.16 - 11.12.16]

Read the full entry

(015)  Tromarama

'PLAY2', Group Exhibition

Federation Square, Swanston St & Flinders St, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia

Read the full entry

(014)  Tromarama

'Liverpool Biennial Fringe', Solo Exhibition

6th floor, One Park West, 31 Strand Street, Liverpool, L1 8LN, United Kingdom, [08.07.16 - 31.07.16]

Read the full entry

(013)  Tromarama

'Gwangju Biennale 2016', Biennial

Gwangju Biennale Exhibition Hall, [02.09.16 - 06.11.16]

Read the full entry

(012)  Edouard Malingue Gallery at Art Fair Philippines

'Art Fair Philippines 2016', Art Fair

Booth 40, The Link Carpark, Parkway Drive, Ayala Center, Makati City, [18.02.16 - 21.02.16]

Read the full entry

(011)  Tromarama

'Root. Indonesian Contemporary Art', Group Exhibition

Frankfurter Kunstverein, Markt 44, 60311 Frankfurt am Main, Germany, [26.09.15 - 10.01.16]

Read the full entry

(010)  Tromarama

'Screen Series: Displaced Agency', Group Exhibition

BLINDSIDE, Level 7, Room 14, Nicholas Building, 37 Swanston St, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia, [07.07.15 - 25.07.15]

Read the full entry

(009)  Tromarama

'Open House', Solo Exhibition

National Gallery of Victoria, 180 St Kilda Road Melbourne, Australia, [22.05.15 - 18.10.15]

Read the full entry

(008)  Tromarama

Solo Exhibition

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam Museumplein 10, 1071 DJ Amsterdam, Netherlands, [12.06.15 - 06.09.15]

Read the full entry

(007)  Tromarama, New Collaboration


Read the full entry

(006)  Hong Kong Art Walk



Read the full entry

(005)  CIGE China International Gallery Exposition 2011


[21.04.11 - 24.04.11]

Read the full entry

(004)  ART TAIPEI 2011

Art Fair

[26.08.11 - 29.08.11]

Read the full entry




Read the full entry

(002)  ART HK 12

Art Fair

[17.05.12 - 20.05.12]

Read the full entry

(001)  ART TAIPEI 2012

Art Fair

[09.11.12 - 12.11.12]

Read the full entry